About the authors

Terence Hogarth is based at the Institute for Employment Research (IER) at Warwick University. He has around 30 years' experience researching UK and EU labour and training markets. His recent work has concentrated on the operation of apprenticeship systems, and the measurement and assessment of skill mismatches in the UK and in the EU. Since the mid-1990s he has directed the ‘Net Costs / Benefits of Apprenticeships to Employers’ study for the Department of Employment and its successor ministries. He is currently leading a programme of research analysing skill mismatches.

Rob Wilson leads the University of Warwick Institute for Employment Research’s forecasting programme, which, for the past 40 years, has produced projections of future skill demand for the UK government. The most recent set of projections have been published by the UK Commission for Employment and Skills under the ‘Working Futures’ banner. He is currently leading a multinational research team that is producing projections of the future demand for and supply of skills in the European Union and its member states. This programme of research is being funded by Cedefop. He is also involved in modelling skills demand in a number of countries outside of the EU.

Jonathan Wadsworth is a professor of economics at Royal Holloway College, University of London. He obtained his undergraduate degree from the University of Hull and his MSc and PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is a senior research fellow at the LSE’s Centre for Economic Performance; deputy director of CReAM, the Centre for the Analysis and Research in Migration at University College London; and a member of the UK Home Office’s Migration Advisory Committee. His research interests are in applied labour economics, particularly issues of migration, unemployment compensation schemes, workless households, job search, discrimination, inequality, minimum wages, union activity and the labour markets of eastern Europe.

Andries de Jong has worked as a senior researcher on demography and the housing market at the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency since 2005, where he is project leader of the PBL/CBS regional demographic forecast, and was involved in the project DEMIFER for ESPON. Previously, he worked at Statistics Netherlands, where he was involved in several studies on population and the labour force (on behalf of the European Commission). He holds an MSc in human geography and sociology from the University of Groningen.

Mark ter Veer worked at the PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency between 2009 and 2012, and was involved in the ESPON project DEMIFER. He holds an MSC in population studies from the University of Groningen.

Matthew Whittaker is chief economist and acting deputy chief executive at the Resolution Foundation thinktank. He has published numerous reports on the labour market, taxes and benefits, government finances, household debt and social policy. He took a leading role in defining the low- to middle-income group that is the focus of the Resolution Foundation’s work, and has served on many working groups and advisory panels on issues relating to living standards. He also serves as the foundation’s liaison with the Employment, Equity and Growth programme being undertaken by the Institute for New Economic Thinking at Oxford University.

Peter Glover is senior research manager at the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES). He was a co-author of the major UKCES report The Future of Work: Jobs and Skills in 2030, published in 2014. Previously, he worked for Skillfast-UK, the sector skills council for the apparel, footwear and textile industry.

Hannah Hope is research manager at the UK Commission for Employment and Skills (UKCES). She previously held research roles at the Standards Board for England and the West Yorkshire Police Authority.

Michael J Handel is associate professor of sociology at Northeastern University in Boston. He studies trends in labour market inequality and job skill requirements, particularly the impacts of changes in technology, work roles, and organisational structure. His research has examined questions of skills mismatch and the impact of computers and employee involvement practices on wages, skills and employment. He holds a PhD in sociology from Harvard University.

Werner Eichhorst joined IZA as a research associate in July 2005, became senior research associate in February 2006, deputy director of labour policy in April 2007 and director of labour policy Europe in January 2014. From 1999 to 2004 he was project director at the Bertelsmann Foundation, a private thinktank in Germany, where he was responsible for comparative analyses of the German labour market and related policy areas, and worked at the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), from 2004 to 2005. His main research area is the comparative analysis of labour market institutions and performance, as well as the political economy of labour market reform strategies.

Michael Fischer is programme manager for trade unions and co-determination at Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. He has a longstanding interest in models of alternative economic development.

Jörg Bergstermann is coordinator of the trade union programme for Europe and North America at Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES). Previously, he led several international offices of FES, most recently in Hanoi, Vietnam.

David Brady is director of the inequality and social policy department at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center. He earned a PhD in sociology and public affairs from Indiana University in 2001. He is the author of Rich Democracies, Poor People (Oxford University Press) and is finishing editing The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty (with Linda Burton). He studies poverty and inequality, social policy, politics and labour, among other topics.

Thomas Biegert is a postdoctoral research fellow in the inequality and social policy department at the WZB Berlin Social Science Center. He works on social stratification, comparative labour markets, welfare states and quantitative methods. In 2014 he completed his PhD at the University of Mannheim. He recently published 'On the Outside Looking In? Transitions Out of Non-employment in the United Kingdom and Germany' in the Journal of European Social Policy.

Sigurt Vitols is a senior researcher at the WZB, lecturer in personnel management at the Free University Berlin, non-resident fellow at the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies, and associate researcher at the European Trade Union Institute in Brussels. His recent publications include Financialisation, New Investment Funds, and Labour: An International Comparison (coedited with Howard Gospel and Andrew Pendleton, Oxford University Press, 2014) and European company law and the Sustainable Company: a stakeholder approach (coedited with Johannes Heuschmid, ETUI 2012).

Thor Berger is an associate fellow of the Oxford Martin Programme on Technology and Employment at Oxford University and a PhD candidate in the department of economic history at Lund University. His work aims to understand how new technologies have reshaped the growth potential of cities over the past century, why some places provide substantially more upward mobility for their inhabitants, and how technological advances in the 21st century will alter the labour market.

Carl Benedikt Frey is codirector of the Oxford Martin Programme on Technology and Employment at Oxford University, and Oxford Martin Citi Fellow. He is a doctor of economic history at Lund University, an economics associate of Nuffield College, Oxford, and specialist advisor to the Digital Skills select committee of the House of Lords. His research interests include the transition of industrial nations to digital economies, and subsequent challenges for economic growth and employment. In particular, his work focusses on technology shocks and their associated impacts on labour markets and urban development.

Steve Bainbridge is an expert at Cedefop, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training. He is a former editor of the European Journal of Vocational Training (1996–2001) and has written three Cedefop reports on European VET policy: An age of learning (1999), Learning for employment (2004) and A bridge to the future (2010). Most recently he drafted the final version of Cedefop’s Future skill supply and demand in Europe (2012) and helped develop a set of statistical indicators to monitor the performance of national VET systems published in On the Way to 2020: data for vocational education and training policies (2013). He currently writes Cedefop’s briefing notes series.

Stefana Broadbent leads Nesta’s research work on collective intelligence, exploring the new forms of knowledge and problem-solving that are emerging from the collaboration of networked publics, institutions and organisations. Prior to joining Nesta, Stefana was a lecturer in digital anthropology in the Department of Anthropology at UCL. Stefana has a degree in psychology from the University of Geneva and a PhD in cognitive science from the University of Edinburgh. Her recent publications include chapters in the The Onlife Manifesto (2015) and Digital Anthropology (2012), and her book L’intimite au Travail (2011) received the AFCI prize for social sciences.

Sara de la Rica is a professor of economics at the University of the Basque Country. She is a research fellow at FEDEA, the Foundation for Empirical Economic Analysis in Madrid, at IZA and at CReAM. Her research is focussed on the empirical analysis of the labour market, particularly on gender economics, the economic analysis of immigration and the economic analysis of labour institutions. She has published her research in a range of academic journals, including Economic Enquiry, Labor Economics, Journal of Population Economics, Industrial and Labour Relations Review, Journal of Human Resources, Economica and Spanish Economic Review.

Henning Meyer is a research associate at the Public Policy Group of the London School of Economics and Political Science, and an honorary fellow of the Global Policy Institute at Durham University. He is also director of the consultancy New Global Strategy Ltd and editor-in-chief of the website Social Europe. He was a visiting fellow at the School of Industrial and Labor Relations at Cornell University and is a regular commentator on economic and political issues in the international press.

Diane Coyle is a professor of economics at the University of Manchester and runs the consultancy Enlightenment Economics. She has been a BBC trustee for eight years, and was formerly a member of the Migration Advisory Committee and the Competition Commission. She specialises in the economics of new technologies, globalisation, and competition policy, and has worked extensively on the impacts of mobile telephony in developing countries. Her books include GDP: A Brief but Affectionate History, The Economics of Enough: How to run the economy as if the future matters, and The Soulful Science (all Princeton University Press). She was previously economics editor of the Independent and before that worked at HM Treasury and in the private sector as an economist.

Alan Manning is professor of economics at the London School of Economics and is director of the Centre for Economic Performance’s community research programme. He has written widely on labour market issues. He holds a DPhil in economics from the University of Oxford.

Donald Storrie is head of the Employment and Change Unit at the Eurofound (an EU agency). He was previously director of the Centre for European Labour Market Studies in Sweden. He has published on a wide range of topics on labour economics and European employment policy. He has also worked as business editor at the main Swedish business daily newspaper, and as research officer at the Swedish Ministry of Employment. He holds a BSc in mathematics and a PhD in economics from Gothenburg University.

Tony Dolphin is IPPR’s senior economist and leads its work on economic policy, which focusses on the changes that are needed to the UK’s economy to ensure that growth in the future is better balanced and more sustainable and that the benefits of growth are more evenly shared. Tony is a regular commentator in the media on the economy and on economic policy and writes on a range of issues, including skills, the outlook for growth and the structure of the UK economy. He has previous edited or co-edited IPPR collections on colleges (2010), apprenticeships (2011) and new economic thinking (2012).